Angelic Conflict part 134: Human history – Exo 16; 17; 20:8-11; 31:12-17; Neh 9:13-15; Heb 4:9-13; 1Sa 8:7; Psa 78:15-17; 95:6-11.

Class Outline:

Title: Angelic Conflict part 134: Human history - Exo 16; 17; 20:8-11; 31:12-17; NEH 9:13-15; HEB 4:9-13; 1SA 8:7; PSA 78:15-17; 95:6-11.



Conflict amongst a group of people: Moses and the Exodus. Moses will be used by God to make a people (Hebrew) into a nation (Israel).


EXO 16:22 Now it came about on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one. When all the leaders of the congregation came and told Moses [cabinet meeting],


EXO 16:23 then he said to them, "This is what the Lord meant: Tomorrow is a sabbath observance, a holy sabbath to the Lord. Bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and all that is left over put aside to be kept until morning."


EXO 16:24 So they put it aside until morning, as Moses had ordered, and it did not become foul, nor was there any worm in it.


EXO 16:25 And Moses said, "Eat it today, for today is a sabbath to the Lord; today you will not find it in the field.


EXO 16:26 Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, the sabbath, there will be none."


Here (starting in verse 23) is the first mention of the Sabbath, therefore the Jews were unacquainted with this practice until now and at Sinai it will become a legal institution.


“Sabbath” = to cease working or to rest. God desired them to rest on the seventh day (as He did) and reflect on His finished work.


EXO 20:8 "Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.


EXO 20:9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work,


EXO 20:10 but the seventh day is a sabbath of the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter, your male or your female servant or your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you.


EXO 20:11 For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day and made it holy.


Mankind is so good at screwing up and complicating easy instructions.


The penalty for profaning the Sabbath by working was death.


EXO 31:12 And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,


EXO 31:13 "But as for you, speak to the sons of Israel, saying, 'You shall surely observe My sabbaths; for this is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you.


EXO 31:14 'Therefore you are to observe the sabbath, for it is holy to you. Everyone who profanes it shall surely be put to death; for whoever does any work on it, that person shall be cut off from among his people.


EXO 31:15 'For six days work may be done, but on the seventh day there is a sabbath of complete rest, holy to the Lord; whoever does any work on the sabbath day shall surely be put to death.


EXO 31:16 'So the sons of Israel shall observe the sabbath, to celebrate the sabbath [supposed to be a time of rejoicing and fun] throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant.'


Leave it to a legalist to take all the fun out of anything.


EXO 31:17 "It is a sign between Me and the sons of Israel forever; for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, but on the seventh day He ceased from labor, and was refreshed [took a breather]."


This was to be a day of enjoyment and peace, and they either didn’t keep it or they eventually put so many extra rules upon it that it became a source of fear, bondage, and bullying. The bullying by the self-righteous prigs became so bad that they bullied the only perfect man to ever live.


In the midst of the intensified stage of the AC, God gives His people rest by means of the word of God which is alive and powerful.


When are we going to accept what God provides and stop lusting for more and simply be content in the situation we are in and perform His will so that He gets glorified?


When? When we love Him more than we love anything else.


Do not be condemned!


2TI 3:16-17

All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness; that the man of God may be adequate, equipped for every good work.


ROM 8:1

There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.


The Levites spoke to Israel after the rebuilding of Jerusalem:


NEH 9:13 "Then Thou didst come down on Mount Sinai,

And didst speak with them from heaven;

Thou didst give to them just ordinances and true laws,

Good statutes and commandments.


NEH 9:14 "So Thou didst make known to them Thy holy sabbath,

And didst lay down for them commandments, statutes, and law,

Through Thy servant Moses.


NEH 9:15 "Thou didst provide bread from heaven for them for their hunger, Thou didst bring forth water from a rock for them for their thirst, And Thou didst tell them to enter in order to possess

The land which Thou didst swear to give them.


Grace gifts piled upon grace gifts. The CA believer has been lavishly heaped upon with even more, much more.


HEB 4:9 There remains therefore a Sabbath rest for the people of God.


HEB 4:10 For the one who has entered His rest has himself also rested from his works, as God did from His.


HEB 4:11 Let us therefore be diligent to enter that rest, lest anyone fall through following the same example of disobedience.


HEB 4:12 For the word of God is living and active and sharper than any two-edged sword, and piercing as far as the division of soul and spirit, of both joints and marrow, and able to judge the thoughts and intentions of the heart.


HEB 4:13 And there is no creature hidden from His sight, but all things are open and laid bare to the eyes of Him with whom we have to do.


EXO 16:24 So they put it aside until morning, as Moses had ordered, and it did not become foul, nor was there any worm in it.


EXO 16:25 And Moses said, "Eat it today, for today is a sabbath to the Lord; today you will not find it in the field.


EXO 16:26 Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, the sabbath, there will be none."


EXO 16:27 And it came about on the seventh day that some of the people went out to gather, but they found none.


EXO 16:28 Then the Lord said to Moses, "How long do you refuse to keep My commandments and My instructions?


There are about 2 million people in the camp. Therefore Moses would have given the instructions to many and the leaders would have brought those instructions back to their respective tribes. Some in those tribes didn’t really listen and therefore didn’t really care. Therefore it simply comes down to volition and the choices that set the standard of priorities one has in his conscience.


Remember, the gathering of the manna was a test from God to see if His people would obey the Law He was about to give them.


EXO 16:4 Then the Lord said to Moses, "Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a day's portion every day, that I may test them, whether or not they will walk in My instruction.


If they wouldn't obey a simple thing like gathering manna six days a week, how would they ever obey the statutes and laws that Moses would bring down from Mount Sinai!


It would seem that God will bring the simple tests first and as one learns the value of obedience (to obey is better than sacrifice) the tests will become more challenging until we are ready to pick up and put on the full armor of God.


Though some or many fail, the doctrine is repeated again and they are entreated to do well by means of faith.


EXO 16:29 "See, the Lord has given you the sabbath; therefore He gives you bread for two days on the sixth day. Remain every man in his place; let no man go out of his place on the seventh day."


EXO 16:30 So the people rested on the seventh day.


EXO 16:31 And the house of Israel named it manna, and it was like coriander seed, white; and its taste was like wafers with honey.


EXO 16:32 Then Moses said, "This is what the Lord has commanded, 'Let an omerful of it be kept throughout your generations, that they may see the bread that I fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you out of the land of Egypt.'"


EXO 16:33 And Moses said to Aaron, "Take a jar and put an omerful of manna in it, and place it before the Lord, to be kept throughout your generations."


EXO 16:34 As the Lord commanded Moses, so Aaron placed it before the Testimony, to be kept.


Verse 35 is written by Moses years after the fact:


EXO 16:35 And the sons of Israel ate the manna forty years, until they came to an inhabited land; they ate the manna until they came to the border of the land of Canaan.


After several weeks the exodus finds itself in yet another wilderness just outside of Sinai.



As they moved toward Mount Sinai, the people of Israel were still being led by the pillar of cloud by day and the pillar of fire by night. But the Lord was still directing Israel into difficult and trying situations in order to prove His power and build their faith and character. After all, life's journey involves much more than merely reaching a destination. If we aren't growing in faith, in the knowledge of God, and in godly character, we're wasting our opportunities.


EXO 17:1 Then all the congregation of the sons of Israel journeyed by stages from the wilderness of Sin, according to the command of the Lord, and camped at Rephidim, and there was no water for the people to drink.


They already failed this test and so God now gives them another opportunity and they will fail it again. Their hearts are still in Egypt, many of them are secretly worshipping idols from Egypt, not that it’s a secret from God or His man Moses.


EXO 17:2 Therefore the people quarreled with Moses and said, "Give us water that we may drink." And Moses said to them, "Why do you quarrel with me? Why do you test the Lord?"


The Lord can test His people, but the order of things is completely turned around when His people test Him. Why does a perfect God need to be tested.


EXO 17:3 But the people thirsted there for water; and they grumbled against Moses and said, "Why, now, have you brought us up from Egypt, to kill us and our children and our livestock with thirst?"


This murmuring Moses called "tempting God," i.e., unbelieving doubt in the gracious presence of the Lord to help them.


In this the people manifested not only their ingratitude to Jehovah, who had hitherto interposed so gloriously and miraculously in every time of distress or need, but their distrust in the guidance of Jehovah and the divine mission of Moses, and such impatience of unbelief as threatened to break out into open rebellion against Moses.


EXO 17:4 So Moses cried out to the Lord, saying, "What shall I do to this people? A little more and they will stone me."


A properly motivated teacher of the word of God does his best to communicate what God has communicated to him. If the people reject God’s instructions and suffer, he should not be the object of attack.


1SA 8:7

And the Lord  said to Samuel, "Listen to the voice of the people in regard to all that they say to you, for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected Me from being king over them.


Again, Moses makes the proper decision and goes to the Lord for direction and instruction.


During this journey Moses is also being tested and he is growing. He will end up in the same place as them geographically but in such a different place spiritually.


PSA 46:1

God is our refuge and strength,

A very present help in trouble.


EXO 17:5 Then the Lord said to Moses, "Pass before the people and take with you some of the elders of Israel; and take in your hand your staff with which you struck the Nile, and go.


So the divine long-suffering and grace interposed in this case also, and provided for the want without punishing their murmuring. Moses was to pass on before the people, and, taking some of the elders with him, and his staff with which he smote the Nile, to go to the rock at Horeb, and smite upon the rock with the staff, at the place where God should stand before him, and water would come out of the rock.


The elders were to be eye-witnesses of the miracle, that they might bear their testimony to it before the unbelieving people.


EXO 17:6 Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock at Horeb; and you shall strike the rock, and water will come out of it, that the people may drink." And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.


Jehovah's standing before Moses upon the rock, signified the gracious assistance of God.


The Hebrew phrase “I will stand before you,” frequently denotes the attitude of a servant when standing before his master, to receive and execute his commands. Thus Jehovah condescended to come to the help of Moses, and assist His people with His almighty power.


MAT 20:27-28

and whoever wishes to be first among you shall be your slave; just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.







JOH 18:33 Pilate therefore entered again into the Praetorium, and summoned Jesus, and said to Him, "Are You the King of the Jews?"


JOH 18:34 Jesus answered, "Are you saying this on your own initiative, or did others tell you about Me?" 


JOH 18:35 Pilate answered, "I am not a Jew, am I? Your own nation and the chief priests delivered You up to me; what have You done?"


JOH 18:36 Jesus answered, "My kingdom is not of this world. If My kingdom were of this world, then My servants would be fighting, that I might not be delivered up to the Jews; but as it is, My kingdom is not of this realm." 


MAT 26:53

"Or do you think that I cannot appeal to My Father, and He will at once put at My disposal more than twelve legions of angels?


JOH 18:37 Pilate therefore said to Him, "So You are a king?" Jesus answered, "You say correctly that I am a king. For this I have been born, and for this I have come into the world, to bear witness to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth hears My voice." 


JOH 18:38 Pilate said to Him, "What is truth?"


The king bears witness of the truth and not of the sword, in fact, the truth is His sword.


COL 3:1 If then you have been raised up with Christ, keep seeking the things above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God.


COL 3:2 Set your mind on the things above, not on the things that are on earth.


COL 3:3 For you have died and your life is hidden with Christ in God.


COL 3:4 When Christ, who is our life, is revealed, then you also will be revealed with Him in glory.


JOH 14:1 "Let not your heart be troubled; believe in God, believe also in Me.


JOH 14:2 "In My Father's house are many dwelling places; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you.


JOH 14:3 "And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you to Myself; that where I am, there you may be also.


JOH 14:4 "And you know the way where I am going."  


JOH 14:5 Thomas said to Him, "Lord, we do not know where You are going, how do we know the way?"


JOH 14:6 Jesus said to him, "I am the way, and the truth, and the life; no one comes to the Father, but through Me.


1CO 11:23 For I received from the Lord that which I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus in the night in which He was betrayed took bread;


1CO 11:24 and when He had given thanks, He broke it, and said, "This is My body, which is for you; do this in remembrance of Me." 


1CO 11:25 In the same way He took the cup also, after supper, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in My blood; do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of Me." 


1CO 11:26 For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord's death until He comes.