Ruth 4:14-15. Kinsman Redeemer, part 4.

Class Outline:

Friday July 13, 2018


Title: Ruth 4:14-15. Kinsman Redeemer, part 3.


Qualifications for a kinsman redeemer:

Near kinsman - The Son of God became a man.

Able to redeem -Jesus remained impeccable.

Willing to redeem - He wilfully laid down His life.


The Law governed who could redeem - a nearest kinsman. Jesus became a man in order to qualify.


We are therefore faced with the doctrine of the hypostatic union.


The first reason for Jesus’ death on the cross was to bring believers into a state of glory.


HEB 2:10 For it was fitting [eminent] for Him, for whom are all things, and through whom are all things, in bringing many sons to glory, to perfect [complete the goal] the author [Prince Ruler] of their salvation through sufferings.


HEB 2:11 For both He who sanctifies and those who are sanctified are all from one Father; for which reason He is not ashamed to call them brethren,


He is never ashamed of you because He sanctified you. You may be ashamed of yourself and others might be also, but Jesus never is. It is a part of our great freedom in Him to see ourselves as He sees us, which takes faith, but it is His opinion that is only reality.


The author then quotes 3 OT passages to show the Messiah’s identification with man (Kinsman), emphasizing Jesus’ humanity.


HEB 2:12 saying,

"I will proclaim Thy name to My brethren,

In the midst of the congregation I will sing Thy praise."


PSA 22:22 emphasizes the relationship of the Messiah to the church following His resurrection and then to Israel following His second coming.  


HEB 2:13 And again,

"I will put My trust in Him."

And again,

"Behold, I and the children whom God has given Me."


ISA 8:17, “I will put My trust in Him,” is stated by Isaiah who put his trust in God as war and destruction was about to come upon Israel.


As the full force of Satan’s kingdom was brought to bear upon the man Jesus, He said, “I will put My trust in Him.”


ISA 8:18, Isaiah points out that he and his two sons are signs to Israel. Israel was at war and doom was coming soon. Isaiah warns them that they must trust in God alone and not in any help from Syria or Egypt. At the time Isaiah’s children were very young. They would grow to see the destruction of the northern kingdom who did not trust in God.


Isaiah’s sons:

Shear-jashub - “the remnant will return” [post Babylon captivity/Second Coming]

Maher-shalalhash-baz - “In making speed to the spoil he hastens the prey.” [Assyria’s destruction of Samaria and warning to Jerusalem]


Isaiah’s first son’s name means “the remnant will return” and the name of his second son means “he rushes upon the spoil and hastens the prey.” Both are true. Israel will receive all that was promised to her and the remnant will return thanks to the redemption by the Messiah. Also, just a few years after Isaiah’s warning, Assyria will hasten upon the prey of Samaria and completely destroy the northern kingdom due to their rejection of the redemption of the Lord.


The rush upon the prey of the northern kingdom is a warning to Judah, the southern kingdom.


Assyria will make it as far south as Jerusalem and surround her walls. She will only be spared by a prayer of Hezekiah, for she has no human defence against the great Assyrian army. Judah is warned and clearly shown that without trust in the Lord they will go the same way as the north, which they did two generations after.


What is man or what is a nation without the redemption of the Lord?


What is man without the redemption of the Lord? Each one is a slave to sin and death and a captive of Satan while he rules this world. The remnant are they who believe in Christ and truly free, while for the rest, they will be prey to a hastening judgment.


What is a nation without the redemption of the Lord? What is a nation without the morality and virtue that only comes from Him? All nations who do not acknowledge the Lord as the only Lawgiver become despotic and dark lands.


People often say that we are a nation of laws, but of what laws and of what foundation or root system. Something must hold the roots of a tree in place that is solid and lasting. The Lord, the Creator of all things, and the maker of nations and their boundaries is that soil that holds the roots firmly in place.


ACT 17:22 And Paul stood in the midst of the Areopagus and said, "Men of Athens, I observe that you are very religious in all respects.


ACT 17:23 "For while I was passing through and examining the objects of your worship, I also found an altar with this inscription, 'TO AN UNKNOWN GOD.' What therefore you worship in ignorance, this I proclaim to you.


ACT 17:24 "The God who made the world and all things in it, since He is Lord of heaven and earth, does not dwell in temples made with hands;


ACT 17:25 neither is He served by human hands, as though He needed anything, since He Himself gives to all life and breath and all things;


ACT 17:26 and He made from one, every nation of mankind to live on all the face of the earth, having determined their appointed times, and the boundaries of their habitation,


ACT 17:27 that they should seek God, if perhaps they might grope for Him and find Him, though He is not far from each one of us;


ACT 17:28 for in Him we live and move and exist, as even some of your own poets have said, 'For we also are His offspring.'


ACT 17:29 "Being then the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Divine Nature is like gold or silver or stone, an image formed by the art and thought of man.


ACT 17:30 "Therefore having overlooked the times of ignorance, God is now declaring to men that all everywhere should repent,


ACT 17:31 because He has fixed a day in which He will judge the world in righteousness through a Man whom He has appointed, having furnished proof to all men by raising Him from the dead."


Before God gave Israel one law, He claimed Himself as Redeemer.


In ACT 17:29 we ought not to think that the Divine Nature is like gold or silver or stone, an image formed by the art and thought of man, we have a reference to the first of the Ten Commandments.


Before He gave that command to Israel, and through them to all nations, He claimed Himself as the Redeemer.


EXO 20:1 Then God spoke all these words, saying,


EXO 20:2 "I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery.