Ruth 4:14-15. Kinsman Redeemer, part 3.

Class Outline:

Thursday July 12, 2018


Title: Ruth 4:14-15. Kinsman Redeemer, part 3.


We are currently studying the doctrine of the Kinsman Redeemer, the main theme of the Book of Ruth.


2PE 2:1 But false prophets also arose among the people, just as there will also be false teachers among you, who will secretly introduce destructive heresies, even denying the Master who bought [agorazo] them, bringing swift destruction upon themselves.


All have been redeemed in that the price has been paid for all [agorazo], but all have not been redeemed in that only believers have been set free [lutroo].


Last time we saw the different Greek words used for redemption, agorazo, exagorazo, and lutroo. The first two refer to the payment of a price while lutroo refers to being set free. First there is the payment and that is followed by the actual liberation.


Paul reminds the Corinthians that they were “bought” (agorazo) with a price and so they belong to Christ, not to themselves or others.


Lutroo refers to being set free, and this would never be true for an unbeliever. Agorazo refers to the price, the blood of Christ, and this has been done for all mankind.


Apolutrosis, a strengthened form of lutrosis, is applied to the believer who is made righteous and set free from the power of sin and death.


ROM 3:21 But now apart from the Law the righteousness of God has been manifested, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets,


ROM 3:22 even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all those who believe; for there is no distinction;


ROM 3:23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,


ROM 3:24 being justified as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus;


ROM 3:25 whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith.


Apolutrosis is used for the removal of transgressions.


HEB 9:15 And for this reason He is the mediator of a new covenant, in order that since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were committed under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.


Redemption of the believer (lutroo) consist of far more than deliverance from guilt, it is to extend to the believer’s entire being - body, soul, and spirit. Apolutrosis is used for this four times.


ROM 8:22 For we know that the whole creation groans and suffers the pains of childbirth together until now.


ROM 8:23 And not only this, but also we ourselves, having the first fruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting eagerly for our adoption as sons, the redemption of our body.


ROM 8:24 For in hope we have been saved, but hope that is seen is not hope; for why does one also hope for what he sees?


ROM 8:25 But if we hope for what we do not see, with perseverance we wait eagerly for it.


Ultimately, all in Christ will be delivered from the very presence of sin at the coming of the Lord Jesus Christ.


Until that day, we have been sealed by the Holy Spirit. This certain future is our motivation, our call to obedience. The power of sin is in its lie. Sin lies to us and tells us that it is good and prosperous. The truth reveals the lie. Each of us have been delivered from its power and we will be delivered from its presence in the not to distant future. So, until then, what sort of people ought we to be in holy conduct and godliness (2PE 3:11 speaking of the destruction of the present world).


EPH 4:30 And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.


EPH 1:13 In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation —  having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise,


EPH 1:14 who is given as a pledge of our inheritance, with a view to the redemption of God's own possession, to the praise of His glory.


Sealed with the Holy Spirit for the day of ultimate freedom. A seal no one can break. How does this make you see yourself and your worldview?


In the full sense of the term apolutrosis that the apostle speaks of Christ as being made unto us wisdom from God, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption.


1CO 1:26 For consider your calling, brethren, that there were not many wise according to the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble;


1CO 1:27 but God has chosen the foolish things of the world to shame the wise, and God has chosen the weak things of the world to shame the things which are strong,


1CO 1:28 and the base things of the world and the despised, God has chosen, the things that are not, that He might nullify the things that are,


1CO 1:29 that no man should boast before God.


1CO 1:30 But by His doing you are in Christ Jesus, who became to us wisdom from God, and righteousness and sanctification, and redemption,


1CO 1:31 that, just as it is written, "Let him who boasts, boast in the Lord."


Wisdom is truth acted upon. Righteousness is the ability to understand that which is good and evil. Sanctification is the ability to live unto God in His way and in worship of Him. And, redemption is the act of God that made all of those wonderful things a present and eternal reality.